Rising care needs for retirees

Posted on September 2, 2015 by - Uncategorized

People going into care could face bills in excess of the total pension pot they retired with

With the number of retirees going into care rising, research from LV= reveals that many people going into care could face bills in excess of the total pension pot they retired with. Over the last decade, the average length of stay in a care home has increased by 13% from 829 days to 955 days[1] – which equates to two years and seven months.

Retiree affordability
However, the figures reveal that the average Briton reaches retirement with a pension fund that would cover less than this. As most retirees typically enjoy several years of active retirement, drawing on their pension before they reach a point where they require care[2], the issue of affordability is likely to be far greater for retirees and their families than these figures show.

The gender disparity when it comes to pension savings and income means that the care-cost challenge is set to be more keenly felt by women. One in four (23%) women approaching retirement have only the State Pension to rely on, compared to just 9% of men, but women are more than twice as likely to go into care[3].

Delaying care
The Government recently announced that it was delaying the implementation of the care-cost cap by four years, meaning that it is currently unclear how much someone will have to put towards their care. The research shows that, of those adults who have had a parent go into care, two fifths (38%) said their parents used their savings to cover the cost of care, with one in five (22%) saying their parents sold their home to pay the bills.

According to a new Freedom of Information (FOI) data request by LV=, in the past five years, more than 19,000[4] retirees have had a charge placed on their property by their local authority to meet the cost of their care. These charges are placed on the homes of individuals that don’t have enough savings to cover their costs, but have enough equity in their property.

Care home
While local authorities cannot ask a retiree’s family to contribute towards the cost of their parent’s care, many UK adults do so. While some adults contribute to ensure their parent can stay in their preferred care home, others help out in order to cover the basic costs of care. In fact, a quarter (25%) of adults with parents in care say that they are using their own money to help fund their parent’s care costs.

The UK is facing an uncertain future on the funding of long-term care, especially with the care cap being delayed. Although many of us leave the workplace in good health, as we are living longer with the average retirement now 17 years long, the likelihood of us needing residential or domiciliary care is increasing.

Flexible retirement
In addition, we are also seeing a rise in the length of time being spent in care. This highlights a very real need for many to consider a more flexible retirement income solution such as a fixed-term annuity.
Low interest rates, coupled with social care budgets being cut, create a worrying financial backdrop for many, especially those already in retirement as they are currently faced with an open-ended bill, which makes it difficult to plan effectively to fund these costs.

Source data:
[1] UK nationally representative research carried out by Opinium from 3–10 July 2015, questioning 4,003 UK adults online, of which 814 have or have had one or both parents in care. FOI request to all City, County and Metropolitan councils in England responsible for care-cost administration – placed on Wednesday 10 June 2015. 90 responded in part or in full (75 responded to the question regarding charges placed on property). According to FOI request number of days spent in care for people who died in 2004 = 829 days (32 responses), while those who died in 2014 stayed 955 days (64 responses) – 126 days longer. Therefore the percentage difference is 13%.
[2] The median age of women in Bupa care homes is 85.9 years old, and 78.3 years old for men. With the average length of stay in a care home being 2.61 years, we estimate that on average, women will enter care at the age of 84.6 and men will enter care at the age of 77 (2012 Bupa Census, 2012).
[3] In 2011, there were 2.8 women for every man in care (ONS, Changes in the Older Residential Care Home Population between 2001 and 2011, 2014).
[4] The following question was asked to 100 councils and response rate was 75. Of the people in your council area aged 65 and over and in older persons residential/nursing care, how many have had a charge placed against their property to recoup costs in the last five years (April 2010–March 2015)? The answer is: 19,591.